The Glossary of Basic Fitness Terms

fitness terms glossary caloriw what mineral protein

Popular Fitness Related Terms with its Meanings

Hello everyone,
Today I’m going to let you know of the frequently used and often heard fitness terms. There are obviously a lot of terms and I have tried to include that most number of terms which came into my mind until now. Do comment below if I have missed something!
1. Calorie – A calorie is a unit of measurement of energy. When you say something has 100 calories in it, you basically know that you get much of energy from drinking or eating it. That’s it.
Each food and drink contains calories except the water which has 0 calories in it. And as I said earlier, the total calories from your food is used for your physical activities and the various functioning of the body.
A caloric surplus means an addition to the calories you used to consume before. These are the excess calories which can help you gain weight. When it’s said that you should always aim for a caloric surplus to a skinny person, it means that you need to consume more and more calories so as to gain weight.
2. BMI – BMI is the Acronym for Body Mass Index. It is the measure of your weight related to your height. It gives an approximate idea of the total body fat.
When you provide your height and weight, your BMI is calculated on a BMI calculator(check for it on Google).
If your BMI is less than 18.5, it means you are underweight. If it the BMI is between 18.5 to 24.9, it means you fall under the normal weight category. if it is above 24.9, your are overweight or obese.
3. Lean Body Mass– In simple words, lean body mass means your total body weight subtracted by body fat i.e, the mass of the body minus the fat.
4. Creatine – Creatine is a nitrogen-containing organic compound naturally produced in the human body mainly in the liver, but also in smaller amounts in the kidneys and the pancreas.
It’s produced in the body at a rate of about 1-2g per day.
5. Whey Protein Powder– whey means the watery part of the milk which remains after you seperate the curd or cheese from it. This liquid is then bought into a powdered form to make the whey protein powder. Whey protein powder is used to increase the protein in your diet and it helps in including more protein in your daily diet in a simple manner.
Your diet has three micronutrients. And this needs to be derived from your food as your body doesn’t produce them on its own. They are the below:
6. Protein– Protein is made-up of amino acids. Protein from animal foods is considered complete proteins because they have all of the essential amino acids needed by your body. Whereas the protein from plant sources is considered incomplete, because these foods only contain some of the essential amino acids that your body needs.
7. Fats – Fat are an essential part of our diet and is very crucial for good health. There are different types of fats, and some fats are healthier than the others. To help make sure you stay healthy, it is important to eat unsaturated fats in small amounts as part of a balanced diet.
When eaten in large amounts these fats, including the healthy fats, can contribute to weight gain. Fat is higher in energy than any other nutrient and so eating more fat overall is likely to help with weight gain. But make sure to take only healthy fats and avoid the unhealthy fats.
8. Carbohydrates– Carbohydrates are available in food in the form of starch, sugar and fiber. A carbohydrate is a molecule containing carbon, oxygen and hydrogen, and it can be either simple or complex. Carbohydrates provide you with most of your energy, as they make up around half of your daily calorie intake and are converted into blood glucose or blood sugar by your body to be used for energy.
9. Metabolism– It is the processes in your body which cause the food to be used in the efficient way. When you say you have a fast metabolism, you basically mean that your body burns the energy from food at a faster rate than others.
10. Nutrients – In the most simple words, Nutrients are the molecules or the substances in food that all the living things require to make energy, grow, develop, and reproduce.
11. Vitamins – Vitamins are the organic components present in your food, that are needed in very small amounts for the growth and the maintainance of good health. As you might know already, the excess of them makes way to various diseases.
12. Minerals – Minerals are any of the inorganic elements, such as calcium, iron, magnesium, potassium, or sodium that are essential to the functioning of the human body and are obtained from foods.
I hope that was informative. I’m too a learner and some information about some of these fitness terms left me wondering, why I didn’t know its importance  because if I had known about it earlier I could have definitely taken some great efforts😀

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